The aim of this course is to introduce the medieval European history to the students by using access of modern historical science. The emphasis is on understanding the basic concepts of Middle Ages, its social structures and processes. One of the main objectives is to enable students to deliberate European medieval history by providing a reference frame to movement through the field of research or other historical periods and contents. Course content:
Week 1: The Roman world in the 4th century - political affairs, economic and social situation, literature, art, education and religion.
Week 2: The Decline of the Roman world in the West; Germanic tribes and migrations, barbarian kingdom, the Church in the Germanic kingdoms, the initial formation of Europe.
Week 3: The transformation of Roman Empire in the East, the birth of the Byzantine Empire from Theodosius to Anastasium, Justinian project; Islam and the Arab conquest.
Week 4: From the Merovingians to Pepin the Short - attempted reconstruction at the time of Pepin the Short and Charlemagne; Carolingian Renaissance; naval power in the Mediterranean - Venice.
Week 5: The collapse of the Carolingian Empire, the heirs of Charlemagne; new barbarian invasion, new nations in Europe. Feudalism, the village in the early Middle Ages, the Church.
Week 6: The bridges across the dark times - the civilization of the East, Byzantines and Arabs. Reconstruction of the Western Empire.
Week 7: Recovering the West, religious and political reconstruction, France, England, Sicily; economic recovery.
Week 8: The dominance of the Church in the West Schism, the relationship of the Church and the Empire. First Crusades, Byzantium for Komen, the reform of the Church in the 12th century; The Renaissance of the 12th century.
Week 9: The Rise of Western monarchy - England and France in the 12th century.
Week 10: The fight to preserve the dominance of the Church in western societies - pope Innocent III, heresy, mendicant orders; Hohenstaufen, later Crusades; the fall of Constantinople in 1204.
Week 11: The expansion of Christian Europe; Scandinavia and Central Europe; Russia; Baltic region; Great Principality of Lithuania; Mongol invasion; power over Russia.
Week 12: The rise of secular institutions and interests; lay in the 13th century - intellectual and artistic creation in the High Middle Ages.
Week 13: The loss of priority of the Church; centralization in England and France; Babylonian exile; Church councils and papal restoration.
Week 14: The dissolution of medieval societies; England and France in the 14th century; The German empire under the Habsburgs; the fall of Byzantium in 1453.
Week 15: Finding the solution - the Italian city-states; Renaissance; the northern solution; concluding observations.